Tayammum is the Islamic way of doing ablution when you are in a situation where clean water is not accessible to perform the wudu or ghusl. It can also be done when one is suffering from any skin related disease induced by contact with water. By the end of reading this article, you will know how to do tayammum or dry ablution, what are the conditions for tayammum to done instead of wudu.
Tayammum will cleanse your body before performing the salah, when there is no water available to perform wudu. It is usually done using purified sand or dust, instead of water.
Conditions For Tayammum
May have confusion on when is tayammum permissible. Beware that, tayammum is not an act which you can do all the time. It is a substitute for wudu or ghusl only when the access to water is restricted or impractical. Let’s see few conditions for tayammum which Islam suggests.
When there is no sufficient amount of water to do wudu or ghusl.
For example: If you use the available water for wudu or ghusl, you will make scarcity for drinking water. In that case, Tayammum can be done.
- When access to water is hazardous.
- When access to water is prohibitively expensive.
- When using water poses any health risk.
- When the available water is in the impure form, which cannot be used to perform wudu or ghusl.
- When there is no hope of getting water from its source.
For example: To get water from well, you got no bucket or a rope to draw the water.
- When you can’t find any trace of water, and there is no person to ask where to find water.
How To Do Tayammum (Dry Ablution)
Before doing the Tayammum memorize its order. All the acts of tayammum should be performed in the correct order. If you make any mistake in the order, you require doing tayammum from the beginning again. Hence, it is important to know the order of the steps and follow them accurately.
Follow these steps to do Tayammum
1. Recite – بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ (Bismillaah hirahmaan nirrahiim)
It means is “In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Compassionate.”
“بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ” is the phrase which Muslims are advised to say before doing any good deed.
- This emphasizes the importance of beginning the tayammum in the name of Allah.
2. Make The Niyyah (Intention)
Niyyah is the act of announcing your intention to perform tayammum. You do this by saying in mind or uttering that, “I am doing tayammum in place of wudu, for the pleasure of Allah and to seek closeness to him.” You need not verbally say the niyyah, but have the intention in your heart.
- It is important to have the niyyah (intention) for the act to be done correctly.
3. Place Your Hands On The Ground
- Ensure that the part where you place your hand is clean earth.
- Strike your palms simultaneously on the earth (it could be clay, sand, or stone, according to the availability).
- It is necessary that you cover your hands completely with the earth, just touching it with your palms would be enough.
4. Rub Your Face With Your Palm
- The face encircles the area from the right ear to the left ear, and from the forehead (the point where the hair grows) to the lower chin.
- Place your palms on your forehead.
- From the point where that hair grows, pull down until they reach the bridge of your nose.
5. Wipe Both Hands
- With your palm covers the entire back of your hand from the wrist bone to the fingertips.
- Do this for your right hand first and repeat it for your left hand.
6. Repeat the process
- Again, strike your palms simultaneously on earth, like said in step 3.
- Repeat steps 4 and 5 to complete the process of tayammum.